Sindrome HELLP: peor pronóstico en los trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo.

[Sindrome HELLP: peor pronóstico en los trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo.]

Autores/as

  • Paulino Vigil-De Gracia MSPOG ACOG CAJA DE SEGURO SOCIAL

Resumen

Los trastornos o desordenes hipertensivos del embarazo (THE) son un grupo de complicaciones asociadas al embarazo y se dividen en pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, hipertensión gestacional, hipertensión crónica y pre-eclampsia agregada. En América Latina y el Caribe son la principal causa de muerte materna. La convulsión (eclampsia) en un trastorno hipertensivo del embarazo es considerada como la complicación con mayor riesgo de muerte materna y complicaciones perinatales. Existe una complicación de los THE conocida como síndrome HELLP que genera alta morbilidad y mortalidad materna.  Nuestros hallazgos  sugieren cambiar el paradigma de que la eclampsia es la complicación de peor pronóstico dentro de los THE, pues existen mucha mayor morbilidad y mortalidad con la presencia de síndrome HELLP las cuales empeora si el síndrome HELLP se complica con eclampsia.

Abstract

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are a group of pregnancy-related complications and are divided into pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, gestational hypertension, chronic hypertension and aggregate pre-eclampsia. In Latin America and the Caribbean is the leading cause of maternal death. The seizure (eclampsia) is considered the most at risk of maternal death and perinatal complications. HELLP syndrome is a complication of HDP with high maternal morbidity and mortality. Our findings suggest a paradigm shift that eclampsia is a complication of poor outcome within DHP, because there are much higher morbidity and mortality in the presence of HELLP syndrome, however eclampsia with HELLP syndrome  is considerate of high risk to maternal mortality.

Key words: HELLP Syndrome, gestational hypertension, outcomes, eclampsia, pre-clampsia, maternal mortality, seizures.


Abstract

Los trastornos o desordenes hipertensivos del embarazo (THE) son un grupo de complicaciones asociadas al embarazo y se dividen en pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, hipertensión gestacional, hipertensión crónica y pre-eclampsia agregada. En América Latina y el Caribe son la principal causa de muerte materna. La convulsión (eclampsia) en un trastorno hipertensivo del embarazo es considerada como la complicación con mayor riesgo de muerte materna y complicaciones perinatales. Existe una complicación de los THE conocida como síndrome HELLP que genera alta morbilidad y mortalidad materna.  Nuestros hallazgos  sugieren cambiar el paradigma de que la eclampsia es la complicación de peor pronóstico dentro de los THE, pues existen mucha mayor morbilidad y mortalidad con la presencia de síndrome HELLP las cuales empeora si el síndrome HELLP se complica con eclampsia.

Abstract

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are a group of pregnancy-related complications and are divided into pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, gestational hypertension, chronic hypertension and aggregate pre-eclampsia. In Latin America and the Caribbean is the leading cause of maternal death. The seizure (eclampsia) is considered the most at risk of maternal death and perinatal complications. HELLP syndrome is a complication of HDP with high maternal morbidity and mortality. Our findings suggest a paradigm shift that eclampsia is a complication of poor outcome within DHP, because there are much higher morbidity and mortality in the presence of HELLP syndrome, however eclampsia with HELLP syndrome  is considerate of high risk to maternal mortality.

Key words: HELLP Syndrome, gestational hypertension, outcomes, eclampsia, pre-clampsia, maternal mortality, seizures.

Citas

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DOI:

10.37980/im.journal.rmdp.2013139

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Publicado

2014-02-25

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Revisión de tema